How to Build Mining Rig – A Step-by-Step Guide

Mining Rig is a customized powerful personal computer that contains all personal computer components like RAM, storage, motherboard, and CPU. The big difference is that the rig uses GPUs instead of CPUs, as it has high computational power and can solve complex mathematical problems which have more hash calculation. Due to the high hash rate and ease of maintenance, it becomes the focal point of miners.

GPUs Challenges

Not all miners use GPUs, and most miners like Bitcoin miners use application-specific integrated circuits - ASIC.

Most of the challenges you face while implementing GPUs:

  • GPUs and ASIC are costly, here the budget factor involves
  • High power consumption may not be affordable for everyone
  • It would not run smoothly, it requires adjustment and tweaks

Required Hardware to Build Mining Rig

The following hardware components are required to build a mining rig:

  • GPUs (An MSI GeForce GTX 1070 Ti GAMING 8G GPU)
  • ASICs (A Bitmain Antminer Bitcoin Miner S19 Pro)
  • Motherboard (The ASUS Prime Z370-A Motherboard)
  • CPU (An Intel Core i5-9400 Processor)
  • RAM
  • Power Supply Unit (A Straight Power 11 Platinum 1200W)
  • Storage (A Samsung EVO SATA 2.5” SSD 250 GB)

Required Software to Build Mining Rig

The following software components are required to build a mining rig:

  • Mining software CGMiner, EasyMiner, or BFGMiner
  • Crypto Wallet to store the coins
  • OS like Awesome Miner, Rave OS, or Hive OS
  • Stable Internet Connection
  • Continuous Power Supply

How to Build Crypto Mining Rig

Here are the step-by-step guides to building a crypto-mining rig for beginners:

Step 1: Buy Casing for Rig

First buy a case for holding all the components.

Buy Here

Step 2: Connect the Motherboard

Verify that the lever holding the socket for your CPU is in the released position. After that, set the motherboard outside the mining frame on top of an anti-static object, such as a foam box or a bag.

Buy Recommended Motherboard (The ASUS Prime Z370-A Motherboard) here.

Step 3: Connect the Processor

The processor is connected to the motherboard. To distinguish between the CPU and motherboard sockets afterward, mark both with a mark. Additionally, exercise caution when connecting the CPU pins to the motherboard as they have a tendency to bend easily and harm the entire processor.

Buy Recommended CPU (An Intel Core i5-9400 Processor) here.

Step 4: RAM Installation

Since the RAM may only lock into the socket in one direction, attention must be taken when installing it in the proper orientation.

Step 5: PSU Connection

If the PSU is not properly fastened to the motherboard, the mining equipment won't start.

Buy Recommended PSU (A Straight Power 11 Platinum 1200W) here.

You can buy power connectors here.

Step 6: Attach USB Risers

To connect the GPUs to the motherboard, these are required. Put them in the motherboard's accessible PCI slots.

You can buy USB Risers here.

Step 7: Attach GPUs

Using USB risers, the GPUs are mounted securely to the frame. After that, connect the GPUs' PCI-e 6+2 power connectors.

You can buy GPUs here.

Step 8: Final Test

Check each cable is connected perfectly, before starting if everything is going well then, your system is ready to mine. Switch on the buttons and let’s must start the mine.


A mining rig is a customized computer used to perform mining at high speed, it has more potential and computational power than normal computers to solve complex mathematics. It requires high power consumption as well as a stable network, moreover, it is more expensive than a normal mining setup. The rig uses specialized software and hardware for the mining discussed one by one.

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